If your pet is experiencing an emergency, call our office at (505) 471-4400.
If you are calling after normal business hours with a sick or injured pet, the voicemail will direct you to the cell phone number of our veterinarian on call.
Together, you and the on call veterinarian will be able to discuss your pet’s needs, the nature of the problem and then decide the best course of action. This could involve either waiting until normal business hours, or going to one of the three emergency clinics in Albuquerque for immediate treatment.
If the veterinarian on call is unable to answer immediately and your pet’s needs are urgent, please call one of the three emergency clinics in Albuquerque.
Route 66 Veterinary Emergency & Critical Care Center (505)266-7866
Veterinary Emergency & Specialty Centers (505)884-3433
VCA Veterinary Care Animal Hospital and Referral Center (505)296-2982
Welcome Dr. Melissa Dalton, DVM
We are very excited to introduce Dr. Dalton who joined the Gruda team on January 25th, 2021.
Dr. Dalton graduated from Colorado State University after completing her undergraduate studies at the University of New Mexico. Her interest in becoming a veterinarian was sparked at a young age as she grew up surrounded by the many animals her family kept. She has always been particularly interested in the relationship people and animals share. Born and raised outside of Santa Fe, Dr. Dalton was eager to return to her hometown to serve the local community. Her professional interests include surgery, preventative care and pain management, with an emphasis on the human-animal bond. During her free time, Dr. Dalton enjoys spending time with family and friends, being in the mountains and DIY home renovations.
Thank you all for your understanding and support while we all adjust to the changes that have been brought upon us with COVID-19. We would like you to know that we are OPEN and will continue to provide the same high-quality care to our patients.
As of June, 2021 we have re-opened our doors to our clients and patients. We asked those who are not vaccinated to wear a mask. We will continue to offer curbside services for those who do not wish to enter the practice.
Monday – Friday 7:30 AM to 5:30 PM, Saturdays 8:00 AM-5:00 PM and closed Sundays.
Please call the hospital @ 505-471-4400 for any needs, questions, concerns and for updated information on services we are able to provide.
Please know that we remain committed to providing your pet with the best possible care, and keeping our AMAZING team members healthy. We appreciate each and every one of you and your patience during this time.
Robert A. Gruda, DVM and Team
Optional Services Offered During COVID-19
To our valued Clients and Patients of Gruda Veterinary Hospital:
With the rapid developments related to COVID-19 and the concerns people everywhere share over its spread, it’s important that we all work together to prevent and help slow down the virus as quickly as possible. We want you to know that we consider you a part of Gruda Veterinary Hospital, and that we care about our team and your health and safety above all else. We will be implementing and offering the following services for the health and safety of our team members, patients and clients:
If you are sick or have traveled to areas that are high risk, had any exposure to symptomatic or confirmed positive cases, or confirmed positive please do not enter the hospital. We have taken the steps to ensure that we can still care for your pets during this time. We recommend that if this is a non-urgent appointment such as an annual checkup that you should wait to schedule until your physician and your public health official believes you no longer present a risk of transmitting your infection to other people.
We have placed a table in our entrance area of hand sanitizer and a lovely plant. We do ask that you sanitize your hands before entering the lobby.
While we love you all so very much we will not be hugging, or shaking hands with you, and instead we will be actively practicing social distancing etiquette.
We are doing everything recommended to keep our hospital well sanitized and our team healthy. If you are concerned about coming into our hospital we will be offering the following options for patients:
For appointments and surgery drop offs we are offering the following services:
- You may wait in your car till we have an exam room available. Please call the hospital once you have arrived to let us know you are here. Once we have an exam room available our team will escort you and your pet into an exam room if you prefer to not wait in our lobby.
- You may wait in your vehicle while our doctors and team examine your pet. If further diagnostics or medications are needed we will inform you. Once the visit is complete our team will call you to process payment and your pet and medications will be taken back out to your vehicle with go home instructions.
- You may also drop off your pet for care. Call the hospital upon arrival and we will send a team member out to your car to discuss history and concerns for the visit.
- For surgery drop offs, we can have a team member go out to your vehicle, review the procedure, consent form, and any questions you may have. We will be in contact with you as normal after the procedure/ surgery is done.
- For picking up patients we will be offering the same as well. Please call once you have arrived; our team will process payment over the telephone and a team member will review all go home instructions and take you your pet.
- If your pet is in need of a prescription refill we ask that you call in the request as normal. We are offering to our clients the option of either coming into the hospital or we can take the prescription out to your vehicle. If you would like one of our team members to take the medication out to your vehicle, we ask that once you arrive to the hospital please call into our front office. Our team will collect payment information over the phone, process and take the medication and receipt out to your vehicle once processed. We will also do the same for food pickup. You can also visit our store on www.grudavet.com to place a food order that will be delivered directly to your front door. Turnaround time is approximately 7 business days so please allow adequate time.
The health, safety and well-being of our Team Members, Patients and Clients are our number one priority. We will continue to follow guidance from public health officials and government agencies, including the CDC and the World Health Organization.
We thank you for your understanding during this time.
Robert A. Gruda, DVM
And all the Team at
Gruda Veterinary Hospital
What do you need to know about coronavirus?
Published on February 28, 2020
The AVMA is collecting information about potential veterinary supply chain issues related to the outbreak of COVID-19. This effort supports the U.S. Food and Drug Administration’s (FDA) work to identify and mitigate potential supply shortages.
The COVID-19 outbreak has raised concern about potential medical supply issues, including both pharmaceuticals and medical products such as personal protective equipment. As of Friday, February 28, no shortages were reported by any animal drug companies that make finished drugs or source active pharmaceutical ingredients in China for the U.S. market. However, six of the 32 firms told the FDA they were seeing supply chain disruptions that soon could lead to shortages.
FDA officials said they were working with the firms to identify interventions to mitigate potential shortages, and had done similar work on the medical product/device side. The agency is sharing information on its website about the availability of drugs and medical supplies.
The AVMA is supporting the FDA’s efforts by gathering information about drug needs and related concerns from veterinarians, practices/practice groups, and veterinary distributors. Please email information about any supply chain issues of concern to firstname.lastname@example.org. Include detailed information about the product of concern and its manufacturer/distributor if possible.
Friday, February 28, also brought news that a dog in Hong Kong was quarantined after samples obtained from its nasal cavity and mouth tested “weak positive” for the virus that causes COVID-19. The dog’s owner has tested positive for the virus (SARS-CoV-2, formerly called 2019-nCoV) and has COVID-19.
The implications of a “weak positive” test result are unclear, and it’s unknown if the presence of the virus is due to infection, environmental contamination, cross-reactivity, or even potential issues with the test itself. Hong Kong officials said the dog showed no clinical signs of illness, has been quarantined and is being cared for, and will continue to be monitored and tested to determine its status.
According to the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), no animals in the United States have been identified with the virus, and there is no evidence that dogs or other pets can contract or spread COVID-19.
Health officials across the U.S. remain on high alert due to COVID-19, and veterinary professionals might receive questions about the virus from other staff members and clients. Here’s what veterinary professionals need to know about the SARS-CoV-2 virus and COVID-19:
- Right now, the primary concern is for human health. The virus causes flu-like symptoms in people, including mild to severe respiratory illness with fever, cough, and difficulty breathing.
- At this time, experts have not expressed concern about transmission to or from animals. Multiple international health organizations have indicated that pets and other domestic animals are not considered at risk for contracting COVID-19.
- As always, animal owners should continue to include pets and other animals in their emergency preparedness planning, including keeping a two-week supply of food and medications on hand.
- The COVID-19 outbreak began in Wuhan City, Hubei province, China.
- Initial reports implicated a seafood and animal market in Wuhan City, but person-to-person spread has been indicated in numerous countries.
- There is no antiviral agent proven to be effective against this disease, and there is no immunization available.
- The immediate health risk to the general public in the U.S. is still considered low, although the CDC considers the virus a very serious public health threat.
- The coronavirus responsible for COVID-19 is designated SARS-CoV-2 (formerly 2019-nCoV).
- The CDC is tracking updated information about COVID-19 cases worldwide and in the United States.
- The U.S. State Department has issued the following travel advisories referring to COVID-19: Level 4: Do not travel for China and Iran; Level 3: Reconsider travel for Mongolia and South Korea; and Level 2: Exercise increased caution for Italy, Japan, Hong Kong, and Macau.
Looking for more information?
- Symptoms of 2019-nCOV
- How it spreads
- Prevention and treatment
- Frequently asked questions
- U.S. State Department travel information
- Person-to-person transmission study
It’s hard to believe we are over halfway through dental month already! I promised an article on feline dental health,so here we go!
Did you know that more than half of all cats over the age of three have some level of dental disease? Although many cats do not display outward signs of disease, it can be incredibly painful. Halitosis (bad breath) or a finicky appetite may be the only sign you notice at home. Shaking of the head, facial swelling, pawing at the mouth, dropping food, and drooling are more obvious signs of oral pain. The most common problems we see are gingivitis, periodontal disease, stomatitis, and tooth resorption.
Gingivitis and periodontal disease are caused by the body’s natural immune response to the mineralization of plaque on the teeth. The accumulation of this tartar on the tooth surface leads to infection and inflammation in the gums. If this tartar is allowed to accumulate, the infection will persist and periodontal disease will occur. Periodontal disease is when the inflammation and infection from the surface travel to the bone. As the disease advances, thesurrounding tissues are destroyed leading to loose teeth, abscessed roots, and bone infections. The bacteria can even travel through the blood and cause infections in the heart!
Aside from gingivitis and periodontal disease, our feline friends also have two poorly understood diseases that can cause serious and severe oral pain. The first one is stomatitis. Some cats will have an allergic reaction to gingivitis and we call this stomatitis. This is a disease that can affect any cat at any age. The only reliable treatment for stomatitis is extraction of all of the teeth (or in some cases all of the teeth behind the canines). Even with this treatment, 40% of cats may require additional follow-up care and some of that 40% may continue to battle symptoms throughout life. The second poorly understood oral disease in cats is tooth resorption. Although plaque and gingivitis can play a role in this disease, all of the causative factors have yet to be identified. Tooth resorptionis when the root of the tooth begins to erode away and small holes are formed. As the resorption progresses, the sensitive areas in the tooth are exposed leading to tooth instability and severe pain. Most often, these teeth need to be extracted in order to alleviate pain and restore oral health.
The best way to prevent dental disease at home is to slow the rate at which tartar accumulates on the teeth. The most effective way to do this is through daily brushing with pet specific toothpaste. There are also many products (water additives, diets, and treats) that can help with this process. Choosing a product can be difficult and confusing. The Veterinary Oral Health Council (VOHC.org) is a great resource to find products that have proven their ability to reduce tartar accumulation.
The rate at which plaque accumulates on the teeth is variable from cat to cat. Some cats will need a professional cleaning by your Veterinarian every 6-12 months. It is very important during these cleanings that the teeth are X-rayed under general anesthesia. In many cases, these X-rays are the only way to know your cat has a dental problem that needs to be addressed. If you are unsure if your cat needs a dental cleaning or has dental disease, your Veterinarian can evaluate the teeth on a physical examination and help guide you!
Wishing you and your furry friends a great rest of the month!
Lily Meisner, DVM-CVA
Dental Health Month
Happy February from Gruda Veterinary Hospital!
February is one of my favorite months! Aside from the fact that you can actually get a spot on the treadmill again at the gym and we get to watch the Super Bowl, it’s National Pet Dental Health Month! There is so much to talk about when it comes to your pet’s dental health, that I decided to split up the conversation by species. This week’s article focuses on dogs. But don’t worry; I haven’t forgotten our feline friends and I will talk all about them next week.
Did you know that dental disease is the most common disease that affects dogs? Over 80% of dogs over the age of 3 have active dental disease and 2/3 of dogs over 3 have periodontal disease. So what exactly is dental disease?
Dental disease is a broad term that encompasses many different conditions we may find in the mouth. A common problem is tooth fractures. Chew toys and treats for dogs should bend and give upon compression. We typically see fractures when dogs are chewing on objects that are too hard such as their crates, bones, and even ice cubes.
The other common problem is periodontal disease. Periodontal disease is when the tissues that surround the teeth get inflamed or infected secondary to an accumulation of plaque or tartar. As we all know, the mouth is full of bacteria. If teeth are not brushed daily, the bacteria grow on the tooth surface and form an invisible layer called a biofilm. Overtime, this biofilm becomes tartar. The tartar irritates the gumline causing inflammation (gingivitis). If untreated, infection can spread deep into the tooth socket destroying the bone around the tooth. Teeth can become loose, painful, or even fall out. Bacteria can also travel to other parts of the body such as the heart!
So as you can see, oral health in our furry friends should not be overlooked. Not only is it important for their comfort, it is a critical aspect of their overall health.
If your Veterinarian has recommended a dental cleaning for your dog, what should you expect?
You should plan to have your pet at the hospital most of the day on the day of the dental cleaning. The veterinarian will perform and thorough physical examination and oral examination the morning of surgery as well as perform pre-surgical blood work. This bloodwork helps us to ensure that your pet can safely undergo anesthesia. Once your pet is anesthetized, your veterinarian will perform dental radiographs (x-rays) and a more complete oral examination in order to assess the health of the bone surrounding the teeth, the tooth stability, the tooth roots, and the crowns.
It is important to know that it is it is not possible to see with the naked eye some of the most important aspects of dental health. The tartar below the gumline and the findings on the x-rays provide critical information to your veterinarian about your individual pet and how to best help them. Sometimes it can be difficult to predict the extent of dental disease in advance of the procedure. Because of this, your veterinarian may contact you during the procedure in order to discuss any additional treatments that may be needed. If teeth are badly diseased or fractured, your veterinarian may recommend extracting or pulling those teeth so your pet does not have infection or pain in their mouths. Depending on the specific case, they may also discuss with you alternative options such as root canals. Next, the teeth will be scaled in order to remove all tartar above and below the gumline and polished.
Now that your dog is finally going home with brand new shiny white teeth, how do you help slow down the tartar formation in the future? Daily tooth brushing using canine specific toothpaste is the number one way to prevent periodontal disease. Chew toys, treats, special formulated foods, and water additives can assist in chemically or mechanically removing the biofilm from the teeth. I recommend going to the website for the Veterinary Oral Health Council (www.vohc.org) to help you choose a product. This is a reliable resource that evaluates products for effectiveness and safety. You can also always ask your Veterinarian for recommendations for you specific dog because as we all know, no two are alike!
We look forward to seeing you soon and please always feel free to ask us about your pet’s teeth and how we can best help them!
Lily Meisner, DVM
Welcome Dr. Lily Meisner
Dr. Meisner grew up on a small ranch in Taos, New Mexico. She received her Bachelor’s degree from Morehead State in Kentucky. During her time in Kentucky, she competed as an NCAA Division I soccer player. Following graduation Dr. Meisner spent time in South Africa volunteering for Wildlife Vets. This experience spurred a passion for national and international animal welfare and conservation.
Dr. Meisner graduated from Colorado State University with a Doctorate of Veterinary Medicine. During her four years in Veterinary school, Dr. Meisner worked as a technician for one of the most elite Equine Sports Medicine groups in the nation. Additionally, she pursued her passion for travel and international work though extensive involvement in a Rural Veterinary Group (RVETS). Through RVETS Dr. Meisner had opportunities to work in numerous rural areas in the United States, as well as Mexico, providing medical and surgical care to patients in need.
Dr. Meisner enjoys all aspects of Veterinary Medicine, but has special interests in surgery, internal medicine, acupuncture and pain management.
What causes heartworm disease in dogs?
Heartworm disease in dogs is a serious and potentially fatal condition. Heartworm is transmitted through the bite of an infected mosquito. An infected dog has parasitic worms (heartworms) living in the major blood vessels of the lungs and heart.
Adult heartworms can live up to five years. During this time, the female produces millions of offspring called microfilaria. These microfilaria live mainly in the small vessels of a dog’s bloodstream. The female worm is 6-14 inches long and 1/8 inch wide. The male is about half the size of the female. One dog may have as many as 300 worms present when diagnosed.
What is the life cycle of the heartworm?
The life cycle begins when a female mosquito bites an infected dog and ingests the microfilariae during a blood meal. The microfilariae develop further for 10-30 days in the mosquito’s gut and then enter its mouth parts. At this stage, they are infective larvae and can complete their maturation after they enter the dog’s body, following the mosquito bite. The larvae migrate into the bloodstream and move to the heart and adjacent blood vessels, maturing to adults, mating and reproducing microfilariae within 6-7 months.
What do heartworms do to the dog?
Adult heartworms cause disease by clogging the heart and major blood vessels leading from the heart. They also interfere with the valve action in the heart. By clogging the main blood vessel, the blood supply to other organs of the body is reduced, particularly blood flow to the lungs, liver and kidneys, causing these organs to malfunction.
The most obvious clinical signs of heartworm disease are a soft, dry cough, shortness of breath, weakness, nervousness, listlessness, loss of stamina, and weight loss.
How do you monitor for heartworm?
At Gruda Veterinary Hospital, we recommend testing for heartworm once a year. If a dog is on prevention all year, we still recommend a heartworm test as a safety net.
How do I prevent my dog from getting heartworm?
We recommend using one of the safe and affordable heartworm preventatives available today:
*Heartgard *Proheart 6 (an injection given once every 6 months) *Revolution
Hill’s Pet Nutrition Voluntary Recall
We want to ensure our clients that your pet’s health is our number one priority. Hill’s Pet Nutrition has voluntarily recalled a portion of CANINE CANNED FOOD ONLY! We have reviewed all our inventory in the hospital and we do not have any food affected by the recall. If you are concerned with the food you have previously purchased from us or our online store you can:
Contact our office for our team member to check the sku/ lot number
Hill’s Pet Nutrition: 1-800-445-5777/ email@example.com