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Seeking an Associate Veterinarian to join our team
We are seeking an experienced, highly motivated, confident, progressive and compassionate veterinarian to join our team but will consider new graduates for mentorship. Full or part-time position available. Please contact our office or email for more details.
Gruda Veterinary Hospital highly recommends vaccinating your dog for kennel cough if they frequent boarding or daycare facilities, go to the dog groomer, dog park or they’re otherwise socializing with other dogs. The intranasal vaccine provides the best protection, and protective antibodies start to become effective within 3-4 days. The injectable vaccine will take about 10-14 days to be effective.
For additional information please read the resource from LifeLearn below:
What is kennel cough?
Kennel cough is a broad term covering any infectious or contagious condition of dogs where coughing is one of the major clinical signs. It is also referred to as infectious tracheobronchitis.
Several viruses and bacteria can cause kennel cough, often at the same time. These include adenovirus type-2, parainfluenza virus, canine coronavirus, and the bacterium Bordetella bronchiseptica.
Because the infection spreads when dogs are housed together, it is often seen soon after dogs have been in kennels, hence the name kennel cough. Because kennel cough can be caused by a number of pathogens, it is often referred to as the Canine Infectious Respiratory Disease Complex (CIRDC).
What are the clinical signs of kennel cough other than coughing?
It is often a mild disease, but the cough may be chronic, lasting for several weeks in some cases. Common clinical signs include a loud cough often described as a ‘goose honk’, runny eyes and nose, swollen tonsils, wheezing, lack of appetite, and depressed behavior. Most dogs with infectious tracheobronchitis will cough when the throat is rubbed or palpated, or during and after exercise. Often, the hacking cough caused by kennel cough will persist for several weeks after the infection. If your dog has kennel cough it is unlikely that they will lose their appetite or become lethargic.
How does a dog get kennel cough?
Kennel cough is very contagious, and dogs can readily transmit it by casual contact such as sniffing each other when on a walk, playing, or sharing water dishes. Certain factors increase the likelihood that your dog may contract kennel cough including stress, cold temperatures, exposure to dust or smoke, and crowded conditions.
What is the treatment for infectious tracheobronchitis?
There is no specific treatment for the viral infections, but many of the more severe signs are due to bacterial involvement, particularly Bordetella bronchiseptica. Antibiotics are useful against this bacterium.
Some cases require prolonged treatment, but most infections resolve within one to three weeks. Mild clinical signs may linger for several weeks even when the bacteria have been eliminated. Cough suppressants and anti-inflammatory medications may provide relief in some cases.
How can I prevent my dog contracting kennel cough?
Most vaccination programs your veterinarian will recommend include adenovirus and parainfluenza. Bordetella vaccination is also highly recommended for dogs that are boarded, groomed, or interact with other dogs in areas such as dog parks.
How are the Bordetella vaccines administered?
Bordetella vaccination is given either by injection, oral or intra-nasal route. Intra-nasal refers to the liquid vaccine administered as nose drops. This allows local immunity to develop on the mucous membranes of the nose, throat, and windpipe where the infectious agents first attack and provides more rapid protection against infection than the injectable vaccine.
What causes heartworm disease in dogs?
Heartworm disease in dogs is a serious and potentially fatal condition. Heartworm is transmitted through the bite of an infected mosquito. An infected dog has parasitic worms (heartworms) living in the major blood vessels of the lungs and heart.
Adult heartworms can live up to five years. During this time, the female produces millions of offspring called microfilaria. These microfilaria live mainly in the small vessels of a dog’s bloodstream. The female worm is 6-14 inches long and 1/8 inch wide. The male is about half the size of the female. One dog may have as many as 300 worms present when diagnosed.
What is the life cycle of the heartworm?
The life cycle begins when a female mosquito bites an infected dog and ingests the microfilariae during a blood meal. The microfilariae develop further for 10-30 days in the mosquito’s gut and then enter its mouth parts. At this stage, they are infective larvae and can complete their maturation after they enter the dog’s body, following the mosquito bite. The larvae migrate into the bloodstream and move to the heart and adjacent blood vessels, maturing to adults, mating and reproducing microfilariae within 6-7 months.
What do heartworms do to the dog?
Adult heartworms cause disease by clogging the heart and major blood vessels leading from the heart. They also interfere with the valve action in the heart. By clogging the main blood vessel, the blood supply to other organs of the body is reduced, particularly blood flow to the lungs, liver and kidneys, causing these organs to malfunction.
The most obvious clinical signs of heartworm disease are a soft, dry cough, shortness of breath, weakness, nervousness, listlessness, loss of stamina, and weight loss.
How do you monitor for heartworm?
At Gruda Veterinary Hospital, we recommend testing for heartworm once a year. If a dog is on prevention all year, we still recommend a heartworm test as a safety net.
How do I prevent my dog from getting heartworm?
We recommend using one of the safe and affordable heartworm preventatives available today:
*Heartgard *Proheart 6 (an injection given once every 6 months) *Revolution
FEBRUARY IS NATIONAL PET DENTAL MONTH
Schedule your pets’ dentals during the month of February and receive 10% off our standard price.
Schedule soon – Appointments are filling up fast!
PureVax Rabies Vaccine Now Available for Feline Patients
We are now offering PureVax Rabies vaccines for all of our feline patients! We will still carry our thimerosal free (TF) rabies vaccines, but you’ll have the option to choose the PureVax rabies vaccines for your kittens and adult cats as well. Our veterinary technicians and veterinarians can help you choose which vaccine will be best for you and your kitty, but read below for additional information below regarding the vaccine.
What is the difference between your normal rabies vaccine and the new PureVax?
Our original 1 and 3 year rabies vaccines are Merial’s IMRAB3 TF, which is a killed virus requiring adjuvant to stimulate the immune system (although it does not contain thimerosal).
Merial’s PureVax vaccines are recombinant Canarypox vectored and have no adjuvant in them. 1 year Rabies and 3 year Rabies are now available in our hospital.
What does recombinant mean?
The PureVax vaccines uses a virus that has been recombined with parts of the rabies (or FeLV/FVRCP) virus. The vaccine strain in PureVax is a “carrier” canarypox virus that has been given a gene that makes it able to produce part of a Rabies virus called “glycoprotein G”. When the vaccine is given, the immune system recognizes the Rabies glycoprotein G as “foreign” and makes antibodies against it. That way the immune system can respond and protect against the infection if exposed to the virus in real life.
What is an adjuvant, and what does non-adjuvanted mean?
An adjuvant is added to a vaccine to stimulate the immune system and increase the effectiveness of the vaccine. This is necessary when using killed virus vaccines, such as the IMRAB 1 and 3 TF vaccines. Because the PureVax vaccines use recombinant technology, no adjuvant is needed for effective immunity.
Why are these features important for my cat?
Adjuvants have been shown to potentially to pose increased risk in cats for reactions. Particularly, cats are more susceptible to injection site reactions, chronic inflammation, and more seriously injection site sarcoma formation. While the newer thimerosal free vaccines pose minimal risk, the PureVax non-adjuvanted vaccines are the safest and lowest risk.
What are the downsides of using these vaccines?
Because of the difficult nature of their production, these vaccines are more expensive than the adjuvanted vaccines, particularly the 1 year and 3 year Rabies vaccines. While we can still offer our adjuvanted (but thimerosal free) rabies vaccines for free with your cat’s annual examination, there is an additional fee to give the PureVax rabies vaccine.
WELCOME DR. LESLIE EISERT
A Christmas Story- By Dr. Lesley Gonzales
‘Twas the night before Christmas, and all through the house
All the creatures are stirring (including the mouse!)
With holiday festivities thick in the air,
Many hidden (and not-so-hidden) dangers lurk for your pets everywhere!
While the humans rest their heads on pillows so fat,
Dogs wander the house and think “Hmm, I could eat that…”
And the cats in their mischief, eyes wide, filled with joy,
See the big beautiful tree and think “Just for me! So shiny, I must destroy…”
When out of the kitchen there arose such a clatter,
As Sunny the dog grabbed that leftover food platter
Under the table he flew like a flash,
Munching on bones & adding to his food-off-the-counter stash.
Those bones- cause obstructions and perforations, sometimes just runny poo,
But the onion he ate can cause blood problems too.
And yum! That Christmas ham, so fatty and tender,
Will trigger a pancreatitis that will make Sunny’s stomach feel like a blender.
Add to the stash, chocolates in the stockings and yummy chocolate cake,
The toxic effects (especially for little dogs) can be too much to take.
Rapid heartbeat and panting can be just the start,
Muscle tremors, even seizures, are often the worst part.
But wait! What about those special brownies Aunt Pat brought along,
She mentioned some extra herbs…whatever it is it smelled pretty strong!
Now Sunny’s bradycardic and dizzy, with reflexes postponed,
And if he could talk, he’d tell you he’s stoned.
As Sunny sits under the table in his junk food-filled lair,
Jack the cat prowls the night for more particular fare.
Those new lovely plants, with shiny leaves and colorful parts,
Are Jack’s great love, on which he chooses to dine a la carte.
The lilies are the most dangerous, to be sure.
They can cause kidney failure, which we can’t always cure.
While poinsettias are mostly a trouble to digest,
Mistletoe can be bad for Jack’s little heart in his chest.
Don’t forget the water keeping that Christmas tree alive…
For some reason dogs and cats love it, and they’ll take a drink or five.
But along with the water fertilizer can still lurk,
Causing GI upset, but sometimes weakness or stiffness can also be at work.
And Oh! That wonderful Christmas tree!
Filled with electric lights, tinsel, glass bulbs…all cats will agree:
You’ve set up quite the amazing playground,
And up to the top your cats will bound.
“Let’s play with that electric cord!” thinks Rico the cat.
Nevermind the burns in the mouth and fluid in the lungs caused by that…
“And how about the tinsel…it’s such shiny string!”
His doctor will be doing surgery on his intestines next thing.
But let’s not forget our tiny, humble mouse;
They’re attracted to that welcoming warmth of your house.
Did you know they still carry the Plague in this part of the state?
Flu-like symptoms with fever for your dogs and cats (and you too!) await.
Don’t let this list take you out of the Christmas mood!
Just don’t forget to keep a close eye on your furry brood.
They’re part of the family and love to take part,
Keep their food and gifts pet friendly and they’ll still love you with all their heart.
But should trouble arise, keep our names in mind.
We’re happy to help if they get in a bind.
We treat them like our own, care with all our might,
But we hope to see you only to say Merry Christmas to all, and to all a good night!
Dr. Lesley Gonzales
Holiday Hours 2017
Saturday December 23, 2017- 8:00 am -12:00 pm
Monday December 25, 2017- CLOSED
Monday January 1, 2018- CLOSED